Abstention, Protest, and Residual Votes in the 2016 Election

We analyze the significant increase in the residual vote rate in the 2016 presidential election.

The 2009 Presidential and Parliamentary elections in Mozambique

Armando Guebuza won reelection by an overwhelming margin. FRELIMO gained further control of the parliament. RENAMO had only a small impact on this election relative to the previous three. A new party, MDM, was able to win a marginal percentage of …